You don’t know which one to choose? If the 2D or 3D one, it depends on the type of project to be carried out. But in my case, given the experience I have in creating 2D animations, I prefer animating objects that can only be moved horizontally (on the X-axis), and vertically (on the Y-axis).
There are plenty of series of the style that thanks to the simple drawings we can hook the user (in this case the children).
It seems that by saying cartoons or 2D animations we are not targeting a child audience. It does not have to be generalized since the method to generate the animations can be applied to objects, logos, characters, scenes.
The 3D animation is more complex because there are more features that can be added as lighting, textures, and cameras. It has the 3 axes X, Y and Z (depth).
What is 3D animation?
It is a computerized process used by animators to give the sensation of movement through the creation of sequences of still 3d images.
The created objects can be rotated and moved in a 3-dimensional (three-dimensional) space and is done by programs or applications (Autodesk Maya, Autodesk 3D Studio Max, Blender, Cinema 4D, MotionBuilder, Houdini, Modo) where it is digitally modeled and sculpted.
You can also give your designs a background, lighting, depth, or even a movement effect.
Important tips for animating 3D characters
Creating animation keys and putting it in motion with a sphere may be something simple, but creating an animation of a character sometimes has its complications when it grows and becomes complex.
It is really difficult to animate a character, there are several aspects: one is the application of animation principles, for example when we are animating, the wrong time, the arcs of movement there are many things that have to be mastered and applied properly.
Then there is the mechanics of movement, sometimes working with bipedal characters that walk, move, move and our eye is used every day to see non-quadruped bipedal characters, but those who animate in 3D observe and say that they do not move well.
So, making the mechanics of movement in 3D characters acquire a quality and a level takes time and a lot of practice, not only that they move well but that they act motivated by something internal, which can be an emotion, a thought, something that draws attention, make it look like it’s alive. It is something fascinating to do, but very difficult, it takes time, do not believe that animating 3D characters is such a simple thing.
Tricks for 2D animations
It does not matter if it is a 2D animation or any other type of video animation. There are many tips to create impressive and real animations.
- Pace: adjust the timing of scenes to be slower or faster;
- Shrink and Stretch: give your character’s weight and volume as they move;
- Anticipation: informs the public about an important action that is going to happen;
- Solid Drawing: although the characters are drawn in a two-dimensional space, their shapes must appear to have a certain weight;
- Staging: expresses the clear intention of its characters through each pose or action;
- Direct animation and Pose to pose: choose one of the animation creation techniques; draw the key poses and then add the transition poses, or create each scene one after the other;
- Exaggeration: the use of exaggerations in the movements also helps to emphasize some points and ideas;
- Speed up and slow down: to make the actions more realistic, draw more frames at the beginning and end of the action and fewer frames in between;
- Bows – Add slightly circular motions to character actions;
- Complementary action and Overlapping action: pay attention to the movements of the characters, since some parts move faster than others and when the character stops, some parts of the body keep moving;
- Secondary Action: to emphasize the main action, use secondary actions that add more liveliness;
- Attractive: Make sure to create attractive characters so that the audience will be interested in seeing them.
2D animation software
There is quite good and professional software for making 2D animations, such as:
- Toon Boom Harmony
- Moho (Anime Studio) Pro
- Stop Motion Studio
- Adobe Animate
What software do I use to animate in 2D?
I mainly use Adobe After Effects, accompanied by Adobe Illustrator. I’ve been using Adobe’s effects application software for quite a few years as it allows very complete handling of all the elements in the layers in the timeline.